People noticed his steely gaze and headlong way of walking. In the Army of Northern Virginia, the rebel general James Longstreet, who knew Grant well from their military adventures long before the great rupture, knew what was coming: He was almost superhumanly imperturbable. He was the kind of man who did not seem to hear the shrieking of the world. Gallagher, a historian at the University of Virginia and author of numerous books about the war. All eyes were on the coming presidential election. The Democrats were angling to nominate Maj. Grant had planned to return to the West, but the public was clamoring for him to face Lee head-on.
Half a dozen Union offensives in Virginia had already failed, and although from a purely military perspective the war in the West was just as important, the Eastern theater produced the greatest political reverberations. Grant decided to attach himself to the Army of the Potomac, which, while officially commanded by Maj.
His broad strategy called for simultaneous advances on Confederate positions from multiple angles. Grant would press upon Lee directly over land from the north, while other forces would move up the James River and in the Shenandoah Valley.
Advancing in the West were multiple Union armies, including one under the command of Maj. William Tecumseh Sherman, who had his eye on Atlanta. So began what came to be known as the Overland Campaign. We had to have hard fighting to achieve this. The two armies had been confronting each other so long, without any decisive result, that they hardly knew which could whip.
The key moment came early in the campaign. Lee was outnumbered nearly and did not want to let the battle get onto open ground. The rebels charged and the woods quickly filled with smoke. Wounded men were immolated as fire swept through the forest. The Battle of the Wilderness proved to be a ghastly two-day affair that prefigured more horrors to come. At the end of the battle, the Army of the Potomac had 18, casualties, and it looked like another defeat in Virginia.
But when Grant rode his horse to a crossroads, he turned south, not north. His men let out a cheer. Grant would not retreat back toward Washington as so many other generals had done after previous battles.
He pressed on, toward Spotsylvania Court House. The history books tell of discrete battles at Spotsylvania, North Anna and Cold Harbor, but in fact this became a single day, meat-grinder engagement with barely a quiet interlude long enough to pick up the bodies on the battlefield.
The critics called Grant a butcher. None other than Mary Lincoln used the term after Cold Harbor. Lee assumed that Grant would gather strength for another charge at his main line, but Grant slyly slipped away south, sneaking the bulk of his army across the James and advancing to Petersburg. He hoped to cut the supply lines from the south leading into Richmond, but his men were too slow and too exhausted, too frazzled by six weeks of unrelenting combat, to take advantage of their numerical advantage.
Lee reinforced Petersburg and the two sides dug in for what would become a month siege. This became trench warfare. It looked bad for Lincoln and Grant.
The prize of Richmond had not been seized and Lee remained in the field. Sherman in the West had yet to reach Atlanta. Early was driven back, but this hardly seemed a season of triumph for the Union cause. Everything that happened in the spring and summer of proved the adage of Clausewitz that war is politics by other means. For instance, he said that the king of England had no right to give away land that belonged to Native Americans. This was land on which whites had already settled without payment.
He also insisted that governments have no right to force people to hold a certain set of religious beliefs, a practice he compared to rape. God being sovereign over all, it was the duty of a government to require that people worship and obey Him according to a nation's chosen set of rules. But Roger rejected this reasoning. He demanded instead that there be no state compulsion in religion. Surviving the winter, thanks to help from Narragansett Indians, he was joined by friends. They founded a town which Williams named "Providence" because of the way God had provided for him in his exile.
He was also founder of the state of Rhode Island and founded the first Baptist church in America. Practicing his own principles, Roger purchased land from Native Americans. However, to guard the settlers' interests, he also obtained a charter from Great Britain. Rhode Island's charter was the first document in the history of the American people to guarantee religious freedom to all of the inhabitants of a political unit.
Jews and Quakers, persecuted throughout Europe, quickly began to make their way to Rhode Island, where they could enjoy what Roger called "soul liberty.
There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Trump suggests that his declassifying Russia documents will expose FBI wrongdoing. The Democrats were angling to nominate Maj. He is an entrepreneur and the author of three books on such diverse topics as history, politics, and Christianity. Sherman in the West had yet to reach Atlanta.
Not Abandoned by God, Even in the Wilderness Roger Williams found that God was always present, even during that brutally cold winter. God makes a Path, provides a Guide And feeds in Wilderness!
His glorious Name while breath remains O that I may confess. No Cup so bitter, but's made sweet, When God shall Sweet'ning be. Remembering Roger's Revolutionary Role We tend to take freedom of religion for granted: Kathleen rated it really liked it Sep 08, Anne David rated it really liked it Dec 06, Tom Henry rated it really liked it Jun 20, Theresa Provenzano rated it really liked it Jan 12, Sam rated it liked it Jul 18, Cameron Couch rated it liked it Aug 02, Greg rated it really liked it Sep 02, Paul rated it it was amazing Jan 22, Michael Long rated it liked it May 05, Wayne rated it really liked it Jul 18, Robert W Klueg rated it really liked it Dec 09, Scott rated it liked it Dec 09, Terry Birch rated it it was ok Dec 28, Jesus Gonzalez rated it it was amazing Dec 14, There are no discussion topics on this book yet.
About Charles Henry Vessey. He served his country as an officer in the United States Air Force from through He served as a Manager in a top ten Fortune company from through He is an entrepreneur and the author of three books on such diverse topics as history, politics, and Christianity. He is a husband, father, and grandfather. He has served as a teacher in his local churches for more than thirty years.