Osteoarthritis is usually treated by reducing stress on the joints such as weight control and avoiding painful activity, physical therapy and exercise, application of heat or cold to the painful joint, medications, and use of supportive devices such as canes. Surgery may be helpful in severe cases to relieve pain when other treatment options have not been effective. The type of treatment prescribed will depend on several factors, including the person's age, activities, occupation, overall health, medical history, and severity of the condition. Pain-relieving drugs include acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs , such as aspirin , ibuprofen , or naproxen.
Some medications in the form of creams, rubs, or sprays may be applied over the skin of affected areas to relieve pain. Medications may be prescribed to reduce pain caused by osteoarthritis. Some medications may be injected into the affected joint to relieve symptoms. Unfortunately, drugs do not reverse or slow the progression of joint damage caused by osteoarthritis.
Glucosamine and chondroitin are two supplements that are commonly used for osteoarthritis. Research has not conclusively shown that these supplements are effective in reducing pain or improving function in patients with osteoarthritis. When you are taking any medication or supplement, it is important to let your doctor know so he or she can assess for safety, drug interactions, and any side effects.
Losing weight if you are overweight or obese helps prevent osteoarthritis of the knees, reduces the stress on weight-bearing joints, and helps reduce pain in affected joints. Exercise is important to improve joint movement and to strengthen the muscles that surround the joints. Gentle, low-impact exercises, such as swimming or walking on flat surfaces, are recommended, because they are less stressful on your joints.
Joint surgery can offer several benefits: Relief of pain is the most important benefit of joint of deformed joints, especially in the hand, can be expected with some types of surgery. What other kinds of treatment may I have other than surgery? Do not take aspirin or aspirin-like medications for three days before surgery. Deformed joints. Your doctor will check that your pain is not caused by another problem. . similar to osteoarthritis, such as joint injuries and other forms of arthritis. . "Gardening books and magazines always have wonderful ideas and.
High-impact activity, such as jogging or high-impact aerobics, may increase joint pain. Strength training is also encouraged, particularly for muscles surrounding and supporting affected joints. If you have osteoarthritis, heat or cold treatments may be recommended to provide temporary relief of pain and stiffness. These treatments may be given in the form of a hot shower or bath, or by applying heating pads or cold compresses. Supportive or assistive devices may be helpful to decrease pressure on joints in osteoarthritis. Knee supports or braces ma y be helpful for some people to stabilize the ligaments and tendons and decrease pain.
Canes may be helpful to take pressure off certain joints. When osteoarthritis is severe, and pain is no t controlled with medications or other mentioned treatments, or when the pain prevents you from participating in your normal activities, you may want to consider surgery. There are several surgical procedures that could be used.
What Are the Symptoms of Osteoarthritis? People born with joint abnormalities are more likely to develop osteoarthritis. Continued How Is Osteoarthritis Diagnosed? The diagnosis of osteoarthritis is based on a combination of the following factors: Your description of symptoms The location and pattern of pain Certain findings during a physical exam Your doctor may use X-rays to help confirm the diagnosis and rule out other types of arthritis.
How Is Osteoarthritis Treated? The goals of treatment are to accomplish the following: Decrease joint pain and stiffness Improve joint mobility and stability Increase your ability to do daily activities The type of treatment prescribed will depend on several factors, including the person's age, activities, occupation, overall health, medical history, and severity of the condition. Heat or Cold Treatments for Osteoarthritis If you have osteoarthritis, heat or cold treatments may be recommended to provide temporary relief of pain and stiffness.
Supportive Devices for Osteoarthritis Supportive or assistive devices may be helpful to decrease pressure on joints in osteoarthritis. When Is Surgery Necessary for Osteoarthritis? Arthroscopy to remove or repair loose or damaged tissue in the joint.
Joint replacement surgery to replace the damaged joint with an artificial one. Always seek specific medical advice for treatment appropriate to you. In osteoarthritis of the knee, if one side of a knee joint has more damage than the other, a bone realignment knee osteotomy might be helpful. In this procedure, a surgeon cuts across the bone either above thigh bone or below shin bone the knee, and either removes or adds a wedge of bone. Osteoarthritis is a chronic long-term degenerative disease that causes the breakdown of cartilage in the joints.
Symptoms include pain, stiffness, and swelling. Treatment options to reduce pain and disability include lifestyle changes diet, exercise , physical and occupational therapies, medication, and surgery. It is estimated that over , New Zealanders are living with the condition.
Cartilage is a firm rubbery substance that covers the end of bones and acts as a cushion or shock absorber between bone ends. Osteoarthritis causes the progressive breakdown and wearing away of the cartilage, leaving the bone ends unprotected. As this occurs, the joint can become painful, stiff, difficult to move and eventually, swollen. Osteoarthritis can be classified as primary or secondary.
Primary osteoarthritis has an unknown cause but is generally associated with ageing. Secondary osteoarthritis is the destruction of cartilage from a known cause. Conditions that lead to cartilage loss include joint injury, obesity, gout , infection, congenital abnormalities abnormalities present at birth or joint surgery. Osteoarthritis can occur at any time of life but the incidence increases with age.
It usually affects people over 40 years of age. Virtually all people over the age of 80 years suffer from osteoarthritis to some extent. Osteoarthritis usually occurs in the hands and weight-bearing joints such as hips, knees, feet and spine. Some occupations that involve repetitive heavy activity may damage joints and make them more prone to osteoarthritis later in life. Pain Pain is the most common symptom of osteoarthritis. It is usually made worse by moving the joint or placing weight on it, and it is usually relieved by rest. As the condition progresses and inflammation develops, pain may become constant.
Stiffness Stiffness of the affected joint is often noticed first thing in the morning, and after resting. Swelling Swelling, which is sometimes warm to touch, may be noticeable in an arthritic joint. Deformity Deformity can occur with osteoarthritis due to bone growths and cartilage loss. Degeneration of knee cartilage can result in the outward curvature of knees bow-leggedness.
Crepitus Crepitus a crackling sound or grating feeling may be noticed when an arthritic joint is moved. This is caused by bone rubbing against bone or roughened cartilage.
Osteoarthritis maybe confirmed with an x-ray or MRI scan. Common findings include narrowing of the joint space between bones, a loss of cartilage and bone spurs or bone growths. Blood tests may be used to exclude other possible conditions but they cannot diagnose osteoarthritis. There is no cure for osteoarthritis but the progression of the disease can be slowed and pain and disability reduced.
Treatment will depend on the nature and severity of the condition and treatment will be tailored to the individual. Healthy body weight Maintaining a healthy body weight will reduce stress on the arthritic joints. Exercise Exercise can assist with weight loss, the maintenance of muscle strength and the mobility of arthritic joints. Activity at a level that does not cause pain is not thought to worsen osteoarthritis.